A natural mutation of the Typica variety related to a single gene that causes the plant to grow smaller (dwarfism), which allows it to be planted more densely and achieve higher yields. The variety was discovered in 1949 in Guatemala on the Brito farm in Santa Cruz Naranjo, Santa Rosa. From there it was selected by mass selection, meaning that a group of individuals are selected based on their superior performance, seed from these plants is bulked to form a new generation, and then the process is repeated. Mass selection took place across private farms in Guatemala, and from there spread to other regions and countries.
A compact plant with medium yield and good quality, but highly susceptible to major diseases.
Quality Potential at High Altitude
Coffee Leaf Rust
Coffee Berry Disease (CBD)
|information Year of First Production||Year Four|
|information Nutrition Requirement||Medium|
|information Ripening of Fruit||Average|
|information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn||Average|
|information Planting Density||5000-6000 a/ha (using single-stem pruning)|
|Additional Agronomic Information||
It is best adapted to elevations above 1200 meters and in regions with less than 2,500 millimeters of rainfall per year areas. Recommended elevation in Peru is >1400 meters