Arabica coffee first arrived in the region in the mid-1700s. Historically, most coffees were descendant from typica and bourbon (traditional American). In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing introgressed varieties resistant to coffee leaf rust. More recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have been introduced. Click on a bubble to zoom in and explore coffee's genetic groups.
Learn more about the main varieties cultivated in Mesoamerica and the Carribean by clicking on the cards below, or use the filters to narrow your selection.