Standard quality in Central America. Very high susceptibility to coffee leaf rust.



information Year of First Production Year Three
information Nutrition Requirement Medium
information Ripening of Fruit Average
information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn Average
information Planting Density 5000-6000 a/ha (using single-stem pruning)
Additional Agronomic Information


information Lineage A natural mutation of Bourbon.
information Genetic Description Bourbon-Typica Group (Bourbon-related)

Pacas is a natural mutation of Bourbon, similar to Caturra in Brazil and Villa Sarchi in Costa Rica. Similar to other widely cultivated Bourbon mutants, Pacas has a single-gene mutation that causes the plant to grow smaller (dwarfism). This is it’s chief virtue: the plant’s small size leads to higher potential yields and the possibility of placing plants closer together to increase total fruit production on a farm.

The variety was discovered in 1949 on a farm owned by the Pacas family in the Santa Ana region of El Salvador. In 1960, the Salvadoran Institute for Coffee Research (ISIC) began a program of pedigree selection (selection of individual plants through successive generations) for Pacas. It is still widely grown in the country; it accounts for about 25% of the country's coffee production. Seed stock is available from Procafe. It is also grown in Honduras, where it was introduced by IHCAFE in 1974.


information Breeder Instituto Salvadoreño de Investigaciones del Café (ISIC)