A vigorous and productive plant with good quality cup but susceptible to major diseases. Grown widely in South America, but rarely in Central America and the Caribbean.

Appearance

Agronomics

information Year of First Production Year Three
information Nutrition Requirement High
information Ripening of Fruit Average
information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn Average
information Planting Density 3000-4000 (using single stem pruning)
Additional Agronomic Information

In Peru, recommended elevation is >1500m.

Genetics

information Lineage Typica x Bourbon
information Genetic Description Bourbon-Typica Group (Typica- and Bourbon-related)
History

Mundo Novo is the result of a natural cross between the Bourbon and Typica varieties found in Mineiros do Tiete, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Seeds of the original coffee plants were planted in the municipality of Novo Mundo, today called Urupês, where selection gave rise to the variety Mundo Novo. The variety was discovered in 1943.

The first selections of Mundo Novo in Brazil were completed between 1943 and 1952. The variety has been distributed to farmers in Brazil since 1952. New selections were released by the IAC in Brazil beginning in 1977. The variety has commercial importance in Brazil and other South American countries, including Peru, but is little used in Central America. It first arrived in Costa Rica in 1952, though it was not widely adopted because farmers disliked its very tall statute. There were several introductions to Guatemala in 1963-64. It was introduced to Honduras from CATIE in 1974. In Africa, it is also found in Malawi.

The plant is characterized by its very tall stature. It is vigorous and productive for a traditional American type variety, but is late maturing. Its leaf tips can be green or bronze.

A cross between Mundo Novo and dwarf Caturra gave rise to dwarf Catuai.

Availability

information Breeder Instituto Agronómico de Campinas (IAC), Brasil
information Intellectual Property Rights This plant is in the public domain

Additional Images