Very high yielding variety if planted in healthy soil, with very good quality at elevations above 1300 meters. Well-adapted to agroforestery conditions.

Appearance

Agronomics

information Year of First Production Year Two
information Nutrition Requirement High
information Ripening of Fruit Average
information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn Very High
information Planting Density 4000-5000 a/ha (using single-stem pruning)
Additional Agronomic Information

Nematodes: Variety not resistant to Pratylenchus spp. Is resistant to some Meloidogyne spp. An important note about F1 hybrids: Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants. This is called “segregation.” It means that the child plant will not look or behave the same as the parent, with potential losses of yield, disease resistance, quality, or other agronomic performance traits. The variety should only be reproduced through clonal propagation and purchased from trusted nurseries.

Genetics

information Lineage T5296 x wild Ethiopian accession "ET01" (CATIE collection)
information Genetic Description F1 Hybrid (Introgressed)
History

A first-generation (F1) hybrid originating from a cross between T5296, a rust-resistant descendant of the Timor Hybrid, and an Ethiopian landrace from the Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE) coffee collection (accession ET01), originally collected in Ethiopia by the ORSTOM/IRD collecting mission. Selection of Mundo Maya was done by ECOM-CIRAD in Nicaragua.

F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically constricted.

Typically, F1 hybrid parents are chosen to be genetically distant from one another; this distance maximizes hybrid vigor, which translates into high yields and overall vigor (for example, tolerance to frost), without losses in cup quality or disease resistance. There are only a handful of F1 hybrid coffee varieties in the world, most developed in the last 10 years, and only recently commercially available to farmers.

Availability

information Breeder CIRAD-ECOM
information Intellectual Property Rights Registration in the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) is currently in process.

Additional Images