High yielding variety, with very good quality at elevations above 1300 meters.

Appearance

Agronomics

information Year of First Production Year Three
information Nutrition Requirement High
information Ripening of Fruit Average
information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn Very High
information Planting Density 3000-4000 (using single stem pruning)
Additional Agronomic Information

Stature is intermediate between dwarf and tall. An important note about F1 hybrids: Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants. This is called “segregation.” It means that the child plant will not look or behave the same as the parent, with potential losses of yield, disease resistance, quality, or other agronomic performance traits. The variety should only be reproduced through clonal propagation and purchased from trusted nurseries.

Genetics

information Lineage Caturra x Ethiopian landrace accession "E531'' (CATIE collection)
information Genetic Description F1 Hybrid (Not Introgressed)
History

A first-generation (F1) hybrid originating from a cross between Caturra and an Ethiopian landrace from the CATIE collection (accession E531).

The variety was part of the first wave of F1 hybrid varieties created by a consortium including French research institute CIRAD, a regional network of national coffee institutes in Central America (PROMECAFE), and CATIE. H3 was not part of the final round of selection after 2000 because it showed some susceptibility to rust. However, the cup quality was exceptional and some farmers in the region involved in early tests opted to continue to cultivate the variety.

F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically constricted.

Typically, F1 hybrid parents are chosen to be genetically distant from one another; this distance maximizes hybrid vigor, which translates into high yields and overall vigor (for example, tolerance to frost), without losses in cup quality or disease resistance. There are only a handful of F1 hybrid coffee varieties in the world, most developed in the last 10 years, and only recently commercially available to farmers.

Availability

information Breeder CIRAD-CATIE-ICAFE-IHCAFE-PROCAFE-ANACAFE
information Intellectual Property Rights This plant is in the public domain in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras; outside of these countries, permission should be requested from PROMECAFE.

Additional Images