Very high yielding with very good quality potential. Well-adapted for agroforestry.

Appearance

Agronomics

information Year of First Production Year Two
information Nutrition Requirement Very High
information Ripening of Fruit Average
information Cherry-to-Green-Bean Outturn Very High
information Planting Density 3000-4000 (using single stem pruning)
Additional Agronomic Information

Requires careful nutrition for roots to become established, avoiding too much nitrogen (N). An important note about F1 hybrids: Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants. This is called “segregation.” It means that the child plant will not look or behave the same as the parent, with potential losses of yield, disease resistance, quality, or other agronomic performance traits. The variety should only be reproduced through clonal propagation and purchased from trusted nurseries.

Genetics

information Lineage T5296 x Rume Sudan
information Genetic Description F1 Hybrid (Introgressed)
History

A first-generation (F1) hybrid originating from a cross between rust-resistant T5296 and the Ethiopian landrace variety Rume Sudan. Centroamericano is resistant to coffee leaf rust, is extremely high yielding (in breeding evaluations, it showed production increases of 22–47% over the standard varieties in Central America). Centroamericano has also proven to have exceptional cup quality potential when well-managed at high altitudes. It was released in 2010 for farmers in Central America.

The variety was created by a consortium including French research institute CIRAD, a regional network of national coffee institutes in Central America (PROMECAFE), and a coffee genebank in Costa Rica (CATIE). F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically constricted.

Typically, F1 hybrid parents are chosen to be genetically distant from one another; this distance maximizes hybrid vigor, which translates into high yields and overall vigor (for example, tolerance to frost), without losses in cup quality or disease resistance. There are only a handful of F1 hybrid coffee varieties in the world, most developed in the last 10 years, and only recently commercially available to farmers.

Availability

information Breeder CIRAD-CATIE-ICAFE-IHCAFE-PROCAFE-ANACAFE
information Intellectual Property Rights This plant is in the public domain in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras; outside of these countries, permission should be requested from PROMECAFE.

Verified This variety is available through the WCR Verified℠ program. Find a nursery.

Additional Images