A global catalog of Arabica and Robusta coffee varieties from around the world
From it's native home in Ethiopia, Arabica coffee began spreading around the world in the mid-1700s. Historically, most coffees were descendant from Typica and Bourbon. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing "introgressed" varieties resistant to coffee leaf rust. More recently, genetically diverse F1 hybrids have been introduced.
Robusta coffee originated in the forests of western sub-Saharan Africa. Its broad genetic diversity has enabled the species to thrive in a wide range of environments. Commercial cultivation began around 1870 in Congo; production expanded rapidly starting around 1950, mostly concentrated in Brazil and Vietnam. As a cultivated crop, Robusta is relatively young and both farmers and breeders are just beginning to explore its rich diversity and potential.
World Coffee Research is a 501 (c)(5) non-profit, collaborative research and development program of the global coffee industry to grow, protect, and enhance supplies of quality coffee while improving the livelihoods of the families who produce it.
We've created a printable version of our coffee variety catalog specifically for farmers. Available in English and Spanish.