Information is power. This catalog brings urgently needed information to coffee farmers to help them decide which coffee is best for their situation. Coffee producers who make good planting decisions are at much less risk from disease or pests. Choosing the right type of coffee also has consequences for quality in the cup. Planting coffee that is well-adapted to the local environment is one critical factor in ensuring the highest possible quality.
The coffee leaf rust crisis of 2012 affected nearly 600,000 thousand acres of Central American coffee farmland. Nearly 300,000 coffee farmers need to replant coffee because of it. To make the best possible decision about what kind of coffee to plant on a farm, producers need to know which varieties will be best adapted to their locations and farming approaches.
Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. The lack of a comprehensive, up-to-date coffee catalog puts farmers at risk.
World Coffee Research, with support from USAID and PROMECAFE, has created this catalog of Coffea arabica coffees for Central America, Mexico, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Jamaica. The catalog gathers in one place the essential information on 33 major cultivars in the region.
This catalog was developed in consultation with coffee experts from across Central America. It is the result of visits to each of the eight Promecafe countries and the interviews of nearly 120 people from some 70 private and public bodies involved in their national or regional coffee sectors.