Information is power. This catalog brings urgently needed information to coffee farmers to help them decide which coffee is best for their situation. Coffee producers who make good planting decisions are at much less risk from disease or pests. Choosing the right type of coffee also has consequences for quality in the cup. Planting coffee that is well-adapted to the local environment is one critical factor in ensuring the highest possible quality.
The coffee leaf rust crisis of 2012 affected nearly 600,000 thousand acres of Central American coffee farmland. Nearly 300,000 coffee farmers need to replant coffee because of it. To make the best possible decision about what kind of coffee to plant on a farm, producers need to know which varieties will be best adapted to their locations and farming approaches.
Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. The lack of a comprehensive, up-to-date coffee catalog puts farmers at risk.
World Coffee Research, with support from USAID and PROMECAFE, has created this catalog of Coffea arabica coffees for Central America, Mexico, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Jamaica. The catalog gathers in one place the essential information on 33 major cultivars in the region.
This catalog was developed in consultation with coffee experts from across Central America. It is the result of visits to each of the eight Promecafe countries and the interviews of nearly 120 people from some 70 private and public bodies involved in their national or regional coffee sectors.
Special thanks to the following reviewers:
- Noel Arrieta, Coordinador de Mejoramiento genético de café, CICAFE
- Francisco Anzueto, Asesor de la Dirección General, ANACAFÉ
- Fabian Echeverria Beirute, Texas A&M University
- Gusland McCook, Gerente Técnico del Coffee Industry Board, CIB
- Susana Schuller Petzold, Coordinadora del área de desarrollo técnico productivo, JNC
- Dulce Obin, Asistente Técnico de Operaciones Administrativas, PROMECAFE
- José Arnold Pineda, Investigador de mejoramiento genético, IHCAFE
- Oscar Ramos. Gerente Técnico, PROCAFÉ
- Carlos Mario Rodríguez, Director Global de Agronomía, Starbucks
- Alfredo Zamarripa, RD2 Vision
Instituto del Café de Costa Rica (ICAFÉ)
Fundación Salvadoreña para Investigaciones en Café (PROCAFÉ)
Consejo Salvadoreño de Cafe
Asociación Nacional del Café (ANACAFÉ)
Instituto Hondureño del Café (IHCAFÉ)
Coffee Industry Board (CIB)
Instituto Nicaragüense de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)
Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuarío (MIDA)
Consejo Dominicano del Café (CODOCAFÉ)
Junta Nacional de Café (JNC)